Spandana IPO - Grey Market, GMP & Reviews

IPO Details

Issue Date 05/08 - 07/08
Issue Size ₹1200.94 Cr
Issue Price ₹853 - 856
Market Lot 17 Shares
Shares on Offer 14,046,056
GMP ₹18 - 20
Kostak ₹300 - 350
Subject to Sauda N/A
Listing Date 19/08
Listing Price ₹847.80
Listing Gain% -0.95

About Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd

Spandan is a Sankrit word and it means Response. As Spandana was born in response to a problem, the Organisation was named as Spandana. Spandana is a public limited company registered with Reserve Bank of India (RBI) as an NBFC MFI. Started in 1998, within five years, by 2003, it grew to the largest Micro finance Institution in India and 6th largest across globe. In its peak, Spandana had 1,856 Branches with presence in 10 states and work force of over 13,500 employees.

Spandana was founded by Mrs. Padmaja Reddy in 1998 as a Society which was later transformed into an NBFC and subsequently as NBFC MFI. Mrs. Reddy, the Promoter and Managing Director of Spandana prior to founding Spandana used to work with an NGO in Andhra Pradesh. This NGO used to help poor people to build their houses, provide safe drinking water, sanitation, health education etc. The NGO used to raise grants from different funding agencies and implement these activities.

While working with this organisation, she happened to meet a rag picker and in her interactions with her, she came to know that the rag picker earns about Rs.60 per day, of which she was paying Rs.10 per day towards rent for the cart and Rs.30 towards interest on the loan and she is left with meagre income of Rs.20 per day. She explained her misery that the husband is not supportive and the whole family had to live out of this small income. When asked about, since how long she is doing this business, the rag picker said that she started it when she was 12 years old and was doing it for the past 14 years. She paid over Rs.40,000 rent for a cart that would have costed Rs.1,500- had she bought the same. She also said that she was borrowing Rs.270 everyday and paying back Rs.300 on the same day to the money lender and she was obligated to sell the scrap to him at a price dictated by him which is lower than the market price.

Ms.Reddy told her that she paid over Rs.1,50,000 interest on a loan of Rs.270 which is paid back on the same day. When asked about why she did not start this business on her own, which would have helped her to save Rs.2,00,000 she said that she has no house and they are vagabonds and she never thought of availing a loan. Mrs. Reddy enquired on whether she would be able to repay the loan in case she is given a loan. Upon assurance from her, Rs.2,000 loan was given from that NGO. Out of this Rs.2,000 loan, the rag picker invested Rs.1,500 to buy the cart and the balance Rs.500 she used it as a working capital to buy scrap. While she was not required to pay Rs.10 rent and Rs.30 towards interest to the money lender from next day onwards, her income increased from Rs.20 to Rs.60 while she started servicing loan by paying Rs.10 per day. The rag picker was overwhelmed and she shared it with other rag pickers, vegetable vendors and fruit vendors who use push cart for their trading activity. She proudly shown her new cart to all of them and said that she is not taking daily loan from the money lender anymore on which she used to pay 10% per day. The news spread like wild fire and after two days, about 300+ women came to the NGO office to request for the loan. Each one of them were promising that they could repay the loan without any default and wanted a relief from the clutches of money lenders.

Mrs. Reddy having been convinced by the impact this small loan could create on the rag picker’s livelihood decided to scale up and extend support to other such women who are being exploited by money lenders and are struggling to make both ends meet. These women were so confident and honest that it made her believe that this activity, if scaled up, can significantly improve the socio-economic status of millions of poor families in India. This example has proven beyond doubt that women by nature are very honest and the same time very dynamic and enterprising, given the support they can bring around a change amongst themselves, their families, community and the whole society. Unlike other developmental programmes where scalability and sustainability always remain a concern, this model of financing has the inherent strength of meeting its cost by which the business is sustainable with no dependency on grants and therefore can be scaled up to boundless limits.

With this conviction she wanted to scale up the programme by extending loans to many more women from the same NGO. While she did not get the required support internally, she decided to quit and start Spandana.

With that humble beginning in 1998, today the organisation has expanded its roots to 15 states across India with its Head Office in Hyderabad. It has over 600 branches and over 3800 employees working at Corporate office and branches.

Spandana has a presence across 15 states in India with 4,045 employees and 694 branch network. By offering the loan products to low-income households, the company is strengthening the socio-economic condition and improving their livelihoods.

Before the 2010 crisis, the company had Rs 4,500 crore loan portfolio. The company started recovering and made the first profit in the year 2013-14. As of September 2018, Spandana had Rs 2,244 crore loan portfolio.

To augment its capital base to meet future capital requirements and listing benefits, SSFL is coming out with a maiden combo offer of fresh equity issue as well as Offer for Sale via book building issue. It has fixed the price band of Rs. 853 – Rs. 856 per share having a face value of Rs. 10 per share. Minimum application is to be made for 17 shares and in multiples thereon, thereafter. The issue opens for subscription on 05.08.19 and will close on 07.08.19. Post allotment, shares will be listed on BSE and NSE.

The company mulls issuing fresh equity worth Rs. 400 cr. (Approx. 4672897 shares at the upper price band). It is also offering 9356725 shares via offer for sale from the existing stakeholders. Thus the total issue size will be approx. 14029622 shares are being issued to mobilize Rs. 1196.73 cr. - Rs. 1200.94 cr. (based on lower and upper price bands).

BRLMs to this issue are Axis Capital Ltd., ICICI Securities Ltd., IIFL Securities Ltd., JM Financial Ltd., IndusInd Bank Ltd. and Yes Securities (India) Ltd. Karvy Fintech Pvt. Ltd. is the registrar to the issue. Post issue SSFL's current paid-up equity capital of Rs. 59.63 cr., will stand enhanced to Rs. 64.3 cr. approx. Thus the issue consists of dilution of 21.82% of the post issue paid-up equity capital.

Having issued initial equity at par, SSFL raised further equity in the price range of Rs. 12 to Rs. 656.95 between August 2007 and June 2018. It has also issued bonus shares in the ratio of 2.5 shares for every 1 share held in November 2005.

The average cost of acquisition of shares by the promoters is Rs. 108.96 and Rs. 237.47 per share while the selling stakeholder is Rs. 3.33, Rs. 237.47, Rs. 279.21, Rs. 304.05 and Rs. 322.81 per share.

On the financial performance front, on a consolidated basis, SSFL has posted revenue/net profits of Rs. 587.31 cr. / Rs. 187.95 cr. (FY18) and Rs. 1043.10 cr./ Rs. 311.90 cr. (FY19). On a standalone basis, for the last three fiscals, it has posted revenue/net profits of Rs. 377.06 cr. / Rs. 443.41 cr. (FY17), Rs. 587.27 cr. / Rs. 187.97 cr. (FY18) and Rs.1036.28 cr. / Rs. 308.75 cr. (FY19). According to management, super-profits for FY17 were on account of restated differed tax provisions. Its AUM posted 85% CAGR while PBT 222% CAGR for these periods. Its gross and net NPAs were 0.01% sd on 31.03.19.

For the last two fiscals, on a consolidated basis, SSFL has posted an average fully diluted EPS of Rs. 49.74 and an average RoNW of 15.51%. The issue is priced at a P/BV of 2.70 on the basis of its consolidated NAV of Rs. 316.84 as on 31.03.19. If they consider the latest earnings and attribute it on a fully diluted equity post issue, then asking to price it at a P/E of around 17.6 against the industry average of 21.3. Thus issue appears fully priced.

As per offer documents, it has shown Bharat Financial, Satin Creditcare, Ujjivan Financial, Bandhan Bank, Bajaj Finance, Cholamandalam Inv. Shriram City, Sundaram Finance and M & M Fin Services as its listed pers. These peers are currently trading at a P/E s of around 13, 7, 148, 26, 45, 17, 9, 24 and 14 (as on 31.07.19). None of them is truly comparable on an apple to apple basis as SSFL is focusing only for MFI segment.

Credit Access (CAGL) is much nearer listed peer that is currently trading at a P/E of around 23 (as on 31.07.19)

On BRLM's front, six merchant bankers associated with this offer have handled 47 public issues during the last three fiscals including ongoing one. Out of which 16 public issues closed below the issue/offer price on listing date.

SSFL is the most efficient micro-finance company with a cost to income ratio of 25% and the industry-leading opex ratio of 4.6% for FY19. Its AUM posted 85% CAGR and PBT posted 222% CAGR in last two years with just 0.01% NPAs as on 31.03.19. SSFL offer appears cheap against its close peer CAGL. Considering these, investors may consider investment for the long term.

Company Financials

Particulars 31-Mar-19 31-Mar-18 31-Mar-17 31-Mar-16 31-Mar-15
Total Assets (In ₹ Millions) 48,980.37 37,642.47 19,286.22 20,998.95 23,524.69
Total Revenue (In ₹ Millions) 10,362.81 5,872.74 3,770.64 3,438.62 3,019.71
Profit After Tax (PAT) (In ₹ Millions) 3,087.48 1,879.71 4,434.14 2,432.35 1,050.99

Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO Reviews

  • Rating: 
  • Recommendation:
  • We don't recommend subscription of Spandana Sphoorty IPO.

Subscription Details

Date & Time QIB NII RII Total
Day 1 - 05 Aug 2019 0.19 0.00 0.00 0.06
Day 2 - 06 Aug 2019 0.86 0.21 0.03 0.30
Day 3 - 07 Aug 2019 3.11 0.55 0.09 1.05

Allotment Status

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IPO Allotment Status

Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO FAQs

  1. When will Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO open?

    Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO will open on 05/08 and close on 07/08.

  2. What is the listing date of Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO?

    Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO will list on 19/08.

  3. What is the offer price of Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO?

    The offer price of Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO is ₹853 - 856.

  4. What is the lot size of Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO?

    The lot size of Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO is 17.

  5. What is the Grey Market Premium (GMP) price of Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO?

    The Grey Market Premium (GMP) price of Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO is ₹18 - 20.

  6. What is the Kostak price of Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO?

    The Kostak price of Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO is ₹300 - 350.

  7. What is the Subject to Sauda price for Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO?

    The Subject to Sauda price for Spandana Sphoorty Financial Ltd IPO is Not Available at the moment.

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